Gurgaon, Haryana, India – Delhi NCR City
Gurgaon Facts At A Glance
Area – 3946 sq.km
Altitude – 704 meters
Location- Latitude21° 35′ 38N, Longitude77° 42′ 45E
STD Code – 0124
Gurgaon is a district head quarter in Haryana and the heart of a major industrial area. Gurgaon, located in the National Capital Region has developed into a large and flourishing town because of its vicinity to New Delhi – the Indian capital. A rapidly developing city of today, the Millennium City – Gurgaon is a large, fast-growing city and major industrial area found about 30 km from the capital city of New Delhi and only about 15 km from New Delhi’s International Airport.
Gurgaon has emerged as the hub of IT and other new-age businesses. Its proximity to the national capital of Delhi is an added advantage as Gurgaon enjoys all the facilities available to Delhi. Gurgaon
is home to offices of several MNCs and is well linked by rail and road to Delhi, Faridabad and Jaipur. Real Estate is booming here with new buildings coming up daily, and big companies are relocating their offices
from congested and polluted New Delhi. Buying and selling properties offers a big business potential here.
Gurgaon’s growth began after India gained independence in 1947 and has accelerated rapidly since the late 1970s. Large industries and multinational companies have been attracted to commercial complexes, with a number of offices relocating from congested New Delhi.
The city’s history, though, dates back over 2000 years, when it was known as Guru Gram in honor of Guru
Dronacharya, a character chronicled in the Mahabharata, one of India’s national epic poems. Going by the Mahabharata, originally it was named Guru Gram or Guru Gaon (“village of the teacher”), and Yudhishtra
gave the area to Guru Dronacharya for his teachings on warfare and arms to the five Pandavas when they were young. This was the place where Dronacharya taught archery to the Pandavas, and they made good use of this knowledge when they had to shoot the Kauravas.
During the Medieval period, the people of Gurugaon have experienced changing fortunes at the hands of Muslim Rulers. It was in end of 1803 that the East India Company took over possession of Gurgaon through a treaty signed by Surji Arjungaon. The battle of Indian freedom enlisted the support and active participation of people of Gurgaon.
Till Independence, Gurgaon was a fairly backward town, but after that it rose to the occasion. Today’s city has far outgrown “village” status, with both residential and industrial construction and development making this perhaps the most important city in the state of Haryana. Now there are a number of big industries like Atlas and the Maruti automobile factory and there are lot of multinational companies which have setup base in Gurgaon.
Places Of Interest
Sheesh Mahal: One of the local historic attractions is Sheesh Mahal with an interior featuring many intricate mirror decorations. The Sheesh Mahal in Farukhnagar is a rectangular double-storey building and was built by the local Nawab, Faujdar Khan, in 1793. It is a double storeyed building of local stone, slate and lime. It is so named because of the intricate mirror decorations within (sheesha = mirror). The complex also houses a jail which was used as a jail and a torture chamber. The artists, especially the ones concerned with mirror work, seem to have received inspiration for the work from the Mughal plalaces at Delhi (Red Fort). It is a protected monument.
Sheetla Mata Mandir: The Sheetla Mata Hindu Temple is located near a pond in the suburbs and attracts many pilgrims.
Aliwardi Masjid: Situated about 2 km. North of the old tehsil office, the masjid was built about 200 years ago, by Nawab Aliwardi Khan, a local worthy, the founder of the village Aliwardi. It is a magnificent building built with local-material in a very simple style. There is a tomb nearby, probably of the builder of the masjid with an artistic trellis screen of red stone.
Qutub Khan’s Tomb: Situated about 2 Km. from the Old Thana, the tomb was built about 450 years ago by Qutab Khan, a Khanzada mansabadar at the Mughal court. It measures about 97′ * 27′. Made of red sandstone in Mughal style, it is in almost total ruins now.
Lal & Kala Tombs: The two tombs, about 450 years old, are built of red sandstone
and grey stone respectively. Built in simple Mughal style, the tombs are in pretty bad shape almost on the verge of extinction.
Masani Temple: This spacious, ordinary temple at Gurgaon village is dedicated to goddess Masani. Though old, it has no architectural significance. A large number of people throng the place almost daily to pay their respects to the goddess.
Mubarakpur Shrine of Mangal Singh: It is an old shrine, built about 250 years ago by some local worthy. A fair is held here every Wednesday.
Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary: It is less than 20 km away, and attracts many visitors,
both human and avian. Facilities are provided for both types of guests, and the sanctuary plays host to over 100 species of birds. Birds migrate here in the winter from both Europe and Siberia.
There are a few other places worth seeing, and one can also visit the nearby historical city of Delhi.
Best Season, Climate, and Clothing
Gurgaon is hot and humid in the summers, and cold in the winters. The average temperature ranges
from 25°C to 46°C during summer and 2°C to 5°C during winter. The cold wave from the Himalayan region makes winters very chilly. In summers, the heat wave is immense and adequate precaution has to be
taken before going out in the afternoons. The best time to visit Gurgaon is during the spring seasons of February to April and August to November. Cotton clothing is apt for the summer months whereas woolens are required for the winters.